In scale and dignity it complements its prestigious neighbor, a symbol of awakening civic consciousness in Washington City during the nationalistic period following the Civil War.
Adolph Cluss characterized the style of the Masonic Temple as French Renaissance; the press, as "Modern renaissance of the 19th century." Lacking its projected mansard roof--omitted at no great loss for lack of funds--it is reminiscent of those antebellum urban club buildings which were based on the astylar palace design of the Italian 17th century. The Masonic Temple represents a development of this mode in period when function and pure design were gaining precedence over historical considerations in architecture.
Masonic activity in the District of Columbia dates from about 1795. The Grand Lodge of Masons was the first organized here in January 1811. In the early years of the city the cornerstones of important buildings--notably the White House (1792), the Capitol (1793) and others--were laid Masonically.
DC listing: November 8, 1964
National Register listing: May 8, 1974
Within Downtown HD