The Roosevelt

Built by architect firm C. Graham and Son, the Roosevelt was constructed in 1898 as a double rowhouse, multiple-family dwelling, first owned by Mahlon Groo.

This three-story, vernacular apartment building is an example of the Rowhouse-Type Apartment Building property type built for newly developing middle class in the 1880-1900's . The Roosevelt is one of 105 purpose-built multiple-family dwellings constructed in Washington, D.C. between 1880 and 1900 of which thirteen remain. Thus, the Roosevelt makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the development of the apartment building.

The building contains six apartment units, and showcases pressed brick (now painted) and a small amount of ornamental brickwork. The Roosevelt apartment building is presented in the form of a double rowhouse. The building functions as a single building, but has two adjacent front doors located in the center of the facade which serve the six independent apartment units. The use of a traditional architectural form for the exterior conceals the multi-family function of the building. However, the rowhouse form with its inherent single-family residence connotation is contradicted by the prominence of the building's name, located across the central bays, which publicizes a different function. The Roosevelt is a vernacular example of an early effort to provide sufficient housing for a growing middle-class population with minimal compromise of accepted social values as idealized in the single-family residence. The Roosevelt gives a glimpse into the understanding of the development of the apartment building concept with the arrival of the middle class in D.C.

Built 1898‑99, C. Graham & Son, architects.
DC Inventory: January 17, 1990
National Register: September 7, 1994



1116‑18 F Street, NE