Known in the 19th century for its idyllic landscape, the area underwent rapid development in the early 20th century as the City of Washington's growing population moved away from the established urban center in its quest for the suburban ideal. Today, Sheridan-Kalorama is comprised of a network of cohesive town- and suburb-like streetscapes. The streets are lined with a variety of housing forms, each of which contributes to a sophisticated residential image that is unique within Washington, D.C. This distinctive area, a verdant residential enclave nestled in the midst of the city, contains a total of 610 contributing buildings primary buildings erected between 1890 and 1945.
Individually, the neighborhood's buildings are among the most distinguished residential examples of late 19th and early 20th century revival style architecture in the United States. Major streets and minor roads alike hold nationally significant buildings by some of the country's most celebrated architects, successfully juxtaposed with the urbane work of accomplished local designers. Collectively, these forms and styles significantly illustrate the evolution of the robust late 19th century Victorian aesthetic into the more disciplined historicist movements that became an important focus of early 20th century architectural design.
Preliminary identification: November 8, 1964
DC designation: August 16, 1989 (effective September 25, 1989)
National Register listing: October 30, 1989