The Sixteenth Street Historic District is characterized by the linear experience of the street itself, one of the most important numbered streets in the Federal City, and a major element of the L'Enfant Plan. The physical aspect of Sixteenth Street, combined with the architectural quality of the buildings within the district boundaries and the historical importance of the area, constitute the essence of the Historic District.
The buildings in the Sixteenth Street Historic District are varied in type and style but related in conception, scale, materials, and quality of design. Well-articulated and varied facades and rooflines are harmoniously juxtaposed along the street.
The structures in the historic district range in type from a small, one-story office building, to three and four-story rowhouses, large detached houses, churches, small apartment buildings, monumental apartments and institutional buildings. The buildings contributing to the quality of the Historic District generally date from c. 1875 to the 1920's, and their styles, including Italianate, Queen Anne, Richardsonian Romanesque, and the many styles of the Beaux Arts mode, clearly reflect the eclectic character of American architecture during that period.
Some of Washington's most prominent architects are represented in the buildings of Sixteenth Street Historic District. The district contains approximately 147 contributing buildings dating from 1815‑1959.
DC Inventory: November 8, 1964 (preliminary identification), designated March 9, 1977
National Register listing: August 25, 1978
DC designation expanded: January 18, 2007 to extend south of Scott Circle (effective March 11, 2007)
National Register listing expanded: July 11, 2007