U.S. Court of Military Appeals

Built in 1908-10, this was the first building to expand the District of Columbia Courts complex in Judiciary Square.

The District of Columbia Court of Appeals (now United States Court of Military Appeals) is a remarkably early example of revived (20th century) Greek Revival architecture, Elliott Woods (1865-1923), who was Architect of the Capitol from 1902 until his death. He designed the Court of Appeals with great sensitivity to respect the adjacent former Washington City Hall of 1820, which now serves as the District of Columbia Courthouse. In addition to being sympathetic to the Hadfield-Mills Old City Hall (Mills is credited with the south side plan and George Hadfield with the north side plan) , the design of the Court of Appeals was greatly influenced by it.

The Court of Appeals building is exceptionally well executed. The materials are fine without being lavish, and the refined restraint displayed throughout the structure exemplifies the best architectural thought of the conservative school during the first decade of this century. This singularly harmonious building is extravagant by modern standards in its use of space, fully a third of which is devoted to stairs, passages , and stately lobbies.

National Register: January 21, 1974
DC Inventory: March 3, 1979
within a L’Enfant Plan reservation and Pennsylvania Avenue NHS
US ownership

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450 E St., NW, Washington, D.C.