The Augusta Apartment Building, located at the southeast corner of New Jersey and New York Avenues, N.W., is an example of a Mansion-Type Apartment Building. This mansion-like form constructed in dark brick with limestone trim has four stories and twenty-units. It presents the Jacobethan Revival style and features a tower, polygonal bays, gables, blind arcading, tapestry brickwork, shields with crests, dormers, and an animated slate roof with gable and conical elements. The Augusta was built in 1900 and received a major addition, known as the Louisa, in 1901; today, the entire building is collectively referred to as the Augusta.
The Augusta is one of 105 purpose-built multiple-family dwellings constructed in Washington, D.C. between 1880 and 1900 of which thirteen remain. Its mansion-like form and scale parallel the large Victorian mansions which sprang up throughout Washington at the turn-of-the-century. These grand single-family residences (most of which have been demolished) were the homes of the country's political, social, and industrial giants. In a period where the concept of multiple-unit living was just beginning to be accepted among the middle class, the group most in need of housing at that time in Washington, the mansion-like form and its association with prestige and propriety was a psychological device intended to disguise the function and encourage the middle-class to accept this type of residence. The solid composition reveals skill that came to be expected from the locally significant architect Arthur B. Heaton.
National Register Nomination: September 9, 1994