Brooks Mansion

The house and its grounds occupy an entire square in Brookland, one of the oldest and best established neighborhoods in northeast Washington.

Brooks Mansion is located near the center of Square 3827, a flat, approximately i 3/4 acre site bounded by 9th, 10th, Monroe and Newton Streets, N.E. It is composed of the original Greek Revival mansion house, Bellair, built by Ann and Jehiel Brooks circa 1840, and a large eastern addition to this house built by the Marist Society when altering Bellair for use as Marist College in 1894. The immediate grounds of the mansion were originally a thirty acre trapezoidal area fronting to the northwest on Bunker Hill Road. The house was approached from this thoroughfare by a drive which became circular immediately before the house. There was lawn to the north and east and a pear orchard to the west of the drive. A long walled garden containing a greenhouse, well, flower and vegetable garden and grapery with a variety of plum, cherry, apricot, nectarine and fig-bearing trees extended from the west side of the house. A peach orchard was to the east, and an open field and apple orchard were to the south. Today the lot left to the house after the subdivision of the estate is planted in lawn and shrubs. There are many large old trees, some of which may be original. The circular drive still exists and there are some fig trees remaining on the grounds. To the east and south lies the late nineteenth, early twentieth century suburb of Brookland. To the west is the old B&O railroad track. The Brookland Metro station is under construction here now on a site adjacent to Brooks Mansion. To the west and north of this track lies the campus of Catholic University and the buildings of its many affiliated religious organizations.

Its history uniquely reflects the development of that section of the city from Colonial days to the present. Brooks Mansion is a fine example of Greek Revival architecture built in the late 1830s when the enthusiasm for Greek Revival our first truly national artistic style was at its height. The purity of its Greek Revival design is unusual in Washington. Here, despite the presence of such extraordinarily fine Greek Revival monumental public buildings as the U.S. Treasury and the U.S. Patent Office, residential architecture remained strongly under the influence of the federal tradition.

Added to National Register: July 17, 1975



901 Newton Street, N.E,