Armed Forces Retirement Home Historic District

The 272-acre Armed Forces Retirement Home is located approximately three miles north of the U.S. Capitol at 3700 North Capitol Street, N.W. in Washington D.C.

It is bounded by North Capitol Street on the east, Harwood Road to the northeast, Rock Creek Church Road on the northwest, Park Place to the west, and Irving Street on the South. The Eagle Gate at the intersection of Rock Creek Church Road and Upshur Street is presently the only entrance into the campus. This entry provides direct access to the northern portion of the campus known as Central Grounds, which includes the oldest built resources associated with the northern branch of the Military Asylum established in 1851 as well as the original 1842 farmhouse of George W. Riggs.

The historic district includes a collection of 19th and early 20th century buildings and extensive historic landscapes. There are 39 contributing buildings and a total of 140 contributing properties that date from 1842 to 1951. The Lincoln Cottage is the centerpiece of the property. It is the original Gothic Revival-style cottage known as Corn Rigs. It was built from 1842-1843 as the home for George Riggs. Development of the asylum began in 1852 when the Riggs home was enlarged and the placement of a flagstaff, which marks the establishment of a military installation. The next three masonry buildings were completed by 1857. Other buildings were constructed over next century. The grounds also include recreational areas, statuary, war relics, and other features.

Contributing Structures:
Administration Building
Admissions Building
Alfalfa Fields/ Community Gardens
Anderson Circle
Arnold Drive
Barnes Building
Brass Guns, Sherman Building Main Entrance
Bridge, Coal Vault
Bridge, Granite
Bridge, Iron and Sandstone
Cannons, North Capitol Street Gate
Cemetery Gate
Center Channel
Chapel Foundation Plantings
Chapel Woods East
Chapel Woods West
Civil War Howitzer, Lincoln Cottage Grounds
Civil War Howitzer, Scott Statue
Civil War Howitzer, Scott Building
Civil War Howitzer, Sheridan Building
Civil War Howitzer, Arnold Road
Culvert, Marshall Drive East
Culvert, Marshall Drive West
Deciduous Forest
Drinking Fountain in Building 66
Driveway, Quarters 1 and 2
Driveway, Rose Chapel
Eagle Gate
Eagle Gate House
Eagle Gate Plantings
Eisenhower Drive
Enclosed Pasture
Entry Drive Trees
Fence, Iron
Fence, Iron and Masonry
Forwood Building
Forwood Building Grounds
Garage (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Grant Building
Grant Building Foundation Plantings
Grant Building Quadrangle Plantings
Grant Circle
Heating Plant
Henry Wilson Monument
Hitching Posts
Hospital Quadrangle
Hospital Woods
Isolation Ward (Hostess House)
King Hall
Lake Mary Barnes
Lake Nina
Lake Nina Islands (1) (2)
Lakes Circle
Lake Designed Woodland
Lakes Outfall Drainage Ditch
Lakes Water Tap
Lamp Post, Lincoln Cottage Grounds
Lincoln Cottage
Lincoln Cottage Grounds
Lincoln Cottage, Archaeological Site
Lincoln Cottage/ Sherman Building Buffer
Lincoln Drive
Location of Carlise Cottage
Location of Former Barnes Hospital
Location of Post- 1873 Cross Gable Frame Building
Location of pre-1870 building cluster
Lower Hospital Road
Lower Service Road
MacAurthur Drive Street Trees
Marshall Drive
Mess Hall
Mess Hall Corridor
North Converter Room
North Gate
Old Chapel Road
Open Stand
Park Road Gate
Pasture Recreation Field
Pershing Drive
Pershing Drive East Street Trees
Pershing Drive South Street Trees
Pershing Drive West Street Trees
Quarters (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (19) (21) (40) (41) (45) (47) (89) (90)
Quarters' Foundation Plantings
Quarters' Woods
Randolph Street Gate
Retaining Wall
Retaining Walls, Secondary
Rose Chapel
Scott Staue
Scott Statue Circle
Scott Statue Grove
Security Building
Sherman Building
Sherman Building Annex
Sherman Building North
Spatial Organization
Specimen Trees in Hospital Lawn
Specimen Trees in Lawn
Spring, Natural
Stanley Hall
Storage Contamination Building
Storage Shed
Sundial, Scott Building
Sundial, Sherman Building
Toilet Building
Tool House
Tree Clusters, Evergreens
Upper Hospital Road
View Sheds
Viewing Stand
Water Tower
West Drain and Irrigation Channel

Added to National Registry: December 5, 2007



3700 N. Capitol St., NW Washington, D.C.