Marine Barracks Historic District

Bounded by 8th, 9th, G, and I Streets, SE

The Marine Barracks serve as the nation's oldest continuously active Marine Corps installation, making them central to Marine Corps tradition and history. They were built on site selected by Thomas Jefferson, and designed as the permanent home of the Marine Corps Commandant and barracks for 500 men and their officers. This area served as the Marine Corps headquarters from 1801 to 1901 and is home of the Marine Band (the "President's Own") since 1801. It is associated with many historical figures including Commodore Joshua Barney, General Archibald Henderson, John Philip Sousa, and notable detainees. The Marine Barracks Historic District is a quadrangle of buildings surrounding a central parade ground, and includes approximately a dozen buildings built 1801‑1935. DC listing: November 8, 1964 National Register listing: December 27, 1972 National Historic Landmark designation: May 11, 1976 Marine Barracks and Band Hall
9th & I Streets, SE
Two major components of a unified composition of military buildings built 1902-06 thanks to designs of architects, Hornblower & Marshall replacing original wooden barracks dating from 1801-06 (George Hadfield, architect). The 490-foot-long Barracks define the east side of the parade ground. It is 2 stories, glazed red-orange brick with limestone trim, hipped roof, arcaded loggia, and crenellated central pavilion. Similarly, the Band Hall forms the south side of the grounds. The other structures in the complex include 5 Officers' Quarters, Sentry House, and continuous iron fence.

DC listing: November 8, 1964
National Register listing: January 4, 1973

Marine Corps Commandant’s House
801 G Street, SE
Only structure to survive from the original Marine Barracks, and one of few public buildings to survive the 1814 burning of Washington by the British. This structure was built 1801-05 (George Hadfield, architect) and has served as the official residence of the Marine Corps Commandant since 1805. The building is a distinguished example of early Federal design as a 2-1/2 story brick townhouse with contiguous bow rooms facing the parade ground. It was enlarged in 1840 and then in 1891 a mansard roof with hooded dormers was added. Another addition was added in 1934.

DC listing: November 8, 1964
National Register listing: August 14, 1973



Bounded by 8th, 9th, G, and I Streets, SE