United States Chamber of Commerce
The Chamber of Commerce building represents both the influence of the City Beautiful movement on DC and the role of voluntary associations in lobbying the government.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce Building, designed by Cass Gilbert in 1925, is an excellent example of Gilbert's work and of the influence of the City Beautiful movement and the MacMillan Commission Report on the city of Washington. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, which continues to occupy the building, embodies the institutional role of 20th century government lobbying organizations in Washington.
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce exemplifies the institutional role played by voluntary associations in national government in the 20th century. These organizations reach well beyond lobbying to play an important role in coordinating membership participation in government. The associations not only provide a voice for their members, they inform them about common concerns as well. They clarify public policy issues for members, provide technical information to legislators and public officials, and educate the general public. As the role of government increased during the 20th century, the importance and influence of these organizations grew proportionally.
DC Inventory: November 8, 1964 (Joint Committee on Landmarks)
National Register: May 13, 1992
Within Lafayette Square Historic District