Western Bus Garage

This building served as a street car garage, revealing the gradual transformation of DC’s transportation system.

Built in the first decade of the twentieth century, the car barn on Wisconsin Avenue sits on the eastern side of the square. This site of transportation contributed significantly to the development of DC, particularly the city’s expansion of neighborhoods. Street cars are associated with patterns of growth and change that resulted in significant development of the residential areas along the routes served by the buses.

The Western Bus Garage was designed by the architect Arthur B. Heaton (1875-1951). Heaton loved colonial architecture and made frequent trips to Williamsburg, Charlottesville, and Fredricksburg for inspiration. He was particularly interested in the slight variations in moldings, bricks, and details of old buildings. The Western Bus Garage reflects his interest in brickwork. The main Forty-Fourth Street facade is given a monumental treatment in tapestry brick and limestone, using modernistic motifs of the 1930s Art Deco period.

Historic landmark status pending as of April 2020

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5230 Wisconsin Avenue NW