The Commandant's House is situated at the north end of the parade ground, this impressive 2 1/2- story, white-painted, Flemish-bonded brick residence is the home of the Commandants of the U.S. Marine Corps, a function it has served continually since its construction in 1801 as a symmetrically composed, Federal style dwelling. The house over the years has undergone several renovations and received several additions. Today, one of the most striking features of the Commandant's House is its mansard roof, the tiles of which are regularly laid except for four center rows that display a detailed pattern. The interior decor of the house changes with each occupant. Air conditioning, electric lighting, and other modern conveniences have, of course, been added.
The Marine Barracks served as Marine Corps Headquarters from 1801 to 1901. Here recruits and officers were trained, and vital decisions were made affecting Corps development. Troops quartered at the Barracks played significant roles in the wars with the Barbary pirates, the War of 1812, the Seminole War, the capture of John Brown at Harper's Ferry, and the conquest of Cuba in the Spanish-American War.
DC Inventory: November 8, 1964
National Register: August 14, 1973
Within Marine Barracks and Capitol Hill HDs