Constructed in 1899, The Jefferson apartment building is one of 105 multiple-family dwellings built in DC between 1880 and 1900, of which only thirteen remain. This four-story structure contains eight apartments, two units on each floor; it also has a basement and attic. This Romanesque Revival building is an early example of conventional, low-rise apartments designed by George S. Cooper (1864-1929).
A native Washingtonian, Cooper designed many apartment buildings during the early part of his career and these structures were among the first of the building types in DC. With several distinguished exceptions, his apartment buildings are primarily of moderate size and among the first buildings designed to attract DC’s middle class to this new building type. Individually, and as a group, Cooper’s apartment buildings represent significant changes in patterns of residential preferences.
DC Inventory: February 21, 1990
National Register: September 7, 1994